According to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, US Department of Labor www.OSHA.gov
Nearly 6.5 million people work at approximately 252,000 construction sites across the nation on any given day. The fatal injury rate for the construcion industry is higher than the national average in this category for all industries.
Potential hazards for workers in contruction include:
* Falls (from heights)
* Trench collapse;
* Scaffold collapse;
* Electric shock and are flash/arc blast:
* Failure to use proper personal protective equipment, and
Construction Contractor should be made aware of guidelines and prevention of injuries for their workers. Construction materials to use for projects that are appropriate for certain jobs that will prevent risk of injury.
* aluminum construction,
* bridge construction,
* building construction for residential properties differs from commercial buildings.
For construction, the 10 OSHA standards most frequently included in the agency's citations in FY 2004 were:
2. Fall protection (escape, applications, definitions):
3. Excavations (general requirements)
5. Head protection
6. Excavations (requirements for protective systems)
7. Hazard communication
8. Fall protection (training requirements)
9. Construction (general safety and health provisions)
10. Electrical (wiring methods, design and protection)
Construction accidents can be prevented by using the appropriate construction materials for building. and conform to OSHA Safety Guidelines.
Hazard: When scaffolds are not erected or used properly, fall hazards can occur. About 2.3 million construction workers frequently work on scaffolds. Protecting these workers from scaffold-related accidents would prevent an estimated 4,500 injuries and 50 fatalities each year
OSHA - Occupational Safety and Health Administration - www.osha.gov
Hazard: When scaffolds are not erected or used properly, fall hazards can occur. About 2.3 million construction workers frequently work onscaffolds. Protectingthese workers from scaffold-related accidents would prevent an estimated 4,500 injuries and 50 fatalities each year.
* Scaffold must best sound, rigid and sufficient to carry its own weight plus four times the maximum intended load without settling or displacement. It must be erected on solid footing.
* Unstable objects, such as barrels, boxes, loose bricks or concrete blocks must not be used to support scaffolds or planks.
* Scaffold must not be erected, moved, dismantled or altered except under the supervision of a competent person.
* Scaffold must be equipped with guardrails, midrails and toe boards.
* Scaffold accessories such as braces, brackets, trusses, screw legs or ladders that are damaged or weakened from any cause must be immediately repaird or replace.
* Scaffold platforms must be tightly planked with scaffold plank grade material or equivalent.
* A "competent person" must inspect the scaffolding and at designated intervals. reinspect it.
* Rigging on susupension scaffolds must be inspected by a competent person before each shift and after any occurrence that could affect structural integrity to ensure that all connections are tight and that no damaged to the rigging hasd occurred since its last use.
* Synthetic and natural rope used in suspension scaffolding must be protected from heat-producing sources.
* Employees must be instructed about the hazards of using diagonal braces as fall protection
* Scaffolds must be at least 10 feet from electric power lines at all times.
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